Create maps of a set of spectral indices. Since is used to perform computations, output files are physical rasters (no output VRT is allowed).

  outdir = ".",
  parameters = NULL,
  source = c("TOA", "BOA"),
  format = NA,
  subdirs = NA,
  tmpdir = NA,
  compress = "DEFLATE",
  bigtiff = FALSE,
  dataType = "Int16",
  scaleFactor = NA,
  proc_mode = "raster",
  parallel = FALSE,
  overwrite = FALSE,
  .log_message = NA,
  .log_output = NA



A vector of input filenames. Input files are paths of BOA (or TOA) products already converted from SAFE format to a format managed by GDAL (use s2_translate to do it); their names must be in the sen2r naming convention (safe_shortname).


Character vector with the names of the required indices. Values should be included in names corresponding to the Abbreviations of the following indices: IDB.


(optional) Full name of the output directory where the files should be created (default: current directory). outdir can bot be an existing or non-existing directory (in the second case, its parent directory must exists). If it is a relative path, it is expanded from the common parent directory of infiles.


(optional) Values of index parameters. This variable must be a named list, in which each element is a list of parameters, i.e.: parameters = list("SAVI" = list("a" = 0.5)) Values can be both numeric values or band names (e.g. "band_1"). If not specified, parameters are set to default values.


(optional) Vector with the products from which computing the indices. It can be "BOA", "TOA" or both (default). If both values are provided, indices are computed from the available products ("TOA" if TOA is available, BOA if BOA is available); in the case both are available, two files are produced (they can be distinguished from the level component - S2x1C or S2x2A - in the filename).


(optional) Format of the output file (in a format recognised by GDAL). Default is the same format of input images (or "GTiff" in case of VRT input images).


(optional) Logical: if TRUE, different indices are placed in separated outfile subdirectories; if FALSE, they are placed in outfile directory; if NA (default), subdirectories are created only if more than a single spectral index is required.


(optional) Path where intermediate files (GTiff) will be created in case format is "VRT".


(optional) In the case a GTiff format is present, the compression indicated with this parameter is used.


(optional) Logical: if TRUE, the creation of a BigTIFF is forced (default is FALSE). This option is used only in the case a GTiff format was chosen.


(optional) Numeric datatype of the output rasters. if "Float32" or "Float64" is chosen, numeric values are not rescaled; if "Int16" (default) or "UInt16", values are multiplicated by scaleFactor argument; if "Byte", values are shifted by 100, multiplicated by 100 and truncated at 200 (so that range -1 to 1 is coerced to 0-200), and nodata value is assigned to 255.


(optional) Scale factor for output values when an integer datatype is chosen (default values are 10000 for "Int16" and "UInt16", 1E9 for "Int32" and "UInt32"). Notice that, using "UInt16" and "UInt32" types, negative values will be truncated to 0.


(optional) Character: if "gdal_calc", gdal_calc routines are used to compute indices; if "raster" (default) or "stars", R functions are instead used (using respectively raster or stars routines). Notes:

  1. default value ("raster") is the only fully supported mode. "gdal_calc" can be used only if a runtime GDAL environment can be properly configured (no assistance is provided in case of GDAL-related problems). "raster" mode is experimental.

  2. There is a difference in which the two modes manage values out of ranges (e.g. -32768 to 32767 in Int16 and 0 to 255 in Byte): "raster" and "stars" modes set these values to NA, "gdal_calc" mode clip them to the minimum/maximum values;


(optional) Logical: if TRUE, the function is run using parallel processing, to speed-up the computation for large rasters. The number of cores is automatically determined; specifying it is also possible (e.g. parallel = 4). If FALSE (default), single core processing is used. Multiprocess masking computation is always performed in singlecore mode


Logical value: should existing output files be overwritten? (default: FALSE)


(optional) Internal parameter (it is used when the function is called by sen2r()).


(optional) Internal parameter (it is used when the function is called by sen2r()).


A vector with the names of the created products.


License: GPL 3.0


L. Ranghetti, M. Boschetti, F. Nutini, L. Busetto (2020). "sen2r": An R toolbox for automatically downloading and preprocessing Sentinel-2 satellite data. Computers & Geosciences, 139, 104473. doi:10.1016/j.cageo.2020.104473 , URL:


Luigi Ranghetti, phD (2020)


# Define file names
ex_in <- system.file(
  package = "sen2r"

# Run function
ex_out <- s2_calcindices(
  infiles = ex_in,
  indices = "EVI",
  outdir = tempdir(),
  dataType = "Float32"
#> Loading required package: sp
#> Loading required package: abind
#> Loading required package: sf
#> Linking to GEOS 3.11.2, GDAL 3.6.2, PROJ 9.2.0; sf_use_s2() is TRUE
#> [2023-06-12 11:40:46] Computing index EVI on date 2019-07-23...
#> Please note that rgdal will be retired during October 2023,
#> plan transition to sf/stars/terra functions using GDAL and PROJ
#> at your earliest convenience.
#> See and
#> rgdal: version: 1.6-7, (SVN revision 1203)
#> Geospatial Data Abstraction Library extensions to R successfully loaded
#> Loaded GDAL runtime: GDAL 3.6.2, released 2023/01/02
#> Path to GDAL shared files: C:/Users/luigi.ranghetti/AppData/Local/Programs/R/R-4.3.0/library/rgdal/gdal
#>  GDAL does not use iconv for recoding strings.
#> GDAL binary built with GEOS: TRUE 
#> Loaded PROJ runtime: Rel. 9.2.0, March 1st, 2023, [PJ_VERSION: 920]
#> Path to PROJ shared files: C:/Users/luigi.ranghetti/AppData/Local/Programs/R/R-4.3.0/library/rgdal/proj
#> PROJ CDN enabled: FALSE
#> Linking to sp version:1.6-1
#> To mute warnings of possible GDAL/OSR exportToProj4() degradation,
#> use options("rgdal_show_exportToProj4_warnings"="none") before loading sp or rgdal.
#> [1] "C:\\Users\\luigi.ranghetti\\AppData\\Local\\Temp\\RtmpQf8vCd/S2A2A_20190723_022_Barbellino_EVI_10.tif"

# Show output
oldpar <- par(mfrow = c(1,2), mar = rep(0,4))
image(stars::read_stars(ex_in), rgb = 4:2, maxColorValue = 3500, useRaster = TRUE)
par(mar = rep(2/3,4))
image(stars::read_stars(ex_out), useRaster = TRUE)